After German colonial forces massacred tens of thousands of Herero and Nama in today’s Namibia (1904-08), they brought the skulls of some of their victims to Germany for eugenics research to prove the racial superiority of white Europeans. The skulls pictured above formed part of a collection of human remains that were studied in Germany to prove African inferiority. Skulls from Germany's other African colonies, including modern day Cameroon, Tanzania, Rwanda and Togo, were also used in the discredited studies / Photo: © Screenshot/ARD

Namibia welcomes remains of its people repatriated by Germany

Namibia marked the return by Germany of the remains of indigenous men and women killed during the colonial era, with a traditional ceremony in Windhoek’s Parliament Gardens on Friday.

The personal apology by the German official who travelled to Windhoek for the ceremony falls far short of what the Herero and Nama demand. But the descendants of the victims appeared touched.

German imperial soldiers massacred thousands of Herero and Nama between 1904 and 1908, in what is referred to as the “first genocide of the 20th century.”

“Profound sorrow”

The repatriation of the remains of the 27 Herero and Nama people is the third of its kind. It comes as the communities continue to demand a formal apology and reparations from Berlin.

“I bow my head in profound sorrow. I cannot undo the terrible injustice committed by our ancestors. But here in the land of your ancestors, I again ask for your forgiveness from the bottom of my heart,” Michelle Müntefering, Germany’s deputy foreign minister, said.

A member of the Namibian delegation at the handover ceremony in Berlin speaks to the press. Namibians have for years been demanding an official recognition of the events of 1904-08 by Germany as a genocide, which should be followed by an official apology and reparations / Photo: © Screenshot/ARD


Fransiska Mureti, a Nama woman, was among those who listened at the event at Parliament Gardens. “I could feel she is touched. She is also not the one to blame because by that time she was not born but because it’s a generation of that generation,” Mureti told DW.

“But I am happy that at least, if you hear that a minister is coming, I had a feeling that she is touched and I guess that from now on they will admit that what they did was beyond things – even if you kill an animal you don’t do that. So, it is heart-breaking.”

Skulls and bones

Some Herero and Nama see the repatriation of the remains – including skulls and bones – as an indication that Germany is ready to acknowledge the atrocities and make right the wrongs of the past.

“This event today is a very emotional one in many respects to the young Herero, because it allows us to pay our last respects to our forefathers who were killed at the hands of the German imperial forces, many of whom we never got to see,” said Kaipahere Kandjii.

“I think this is the third consignment of the human remains being brought to Namibia. So, in that respect it is a very emotional one for us. For me personally, and I think the rest of the young Herero men and women here, I think it allows us to have a personal engagement, with us to see where we’ve come from, what our forefathers did for us and how we can take the journey forward.”

Nationwide protest vigils have been held by members of Germany’s Black Community and Germans sympathetic to the cause of the Ovaherero and Namas. The photo above shows a vigil organised by the group Colonial amnesia/ Koloniales Vergessen: Quo vadis Hamburg? in Hamburg / Photo: © Berlin Postkolonial

The ceremony included traditional rituals and a brass band. It came after Nambian tribal chiefs and guests attended church service held for the genocide victims in the German capital Berlin.

“A cruel thing”

“I am so glad that the returns of my forefathers are back and that was the dream of our former paramount chief, Kuaima Riruako and it’s also a sorrow,” Junior Walter Ngueihita told DW in Windhoek.

“It’s so heart-breaking but then on top of everything, the German government and the Germans at large, have decided at last to release the skulls,” Ngueihita added.

“Maybe one of the good days, perhaps when we are still alive or after we have departed this earth, maybe our grand-children will get something from the Germans, it’s just that the German government must come with an apology which is that they have truly done such a cruel thing.”

© DW

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